DOSING AND ADMINISTRATION
Xatmep Offers Convenient Dosing and Administration
Ready-to-use methotrexate oral solution
- Xatmep is convenient to dispense.
- Requires no time to prepare versus cutting or crushing methotrexate tablets or compounding tablets into a liquid formulation.
FDA-Approved Dosing and Administration — For Oral Use Only
For Polyarticular Juvenile Idiopathic Arthritis (pJIA)
Oral solution ensures consistent potency and stability
|Recommended starting dose
||10 mg/m2 one time weekly.
Instruct patients/caregivers that the recommended dose should be taken weekly, as directed. Mistaken daily use has resulted in fatal toxicity.
||Advise patients/caregivers to ask their pharmacist for an accurate (mL) dosing device. Tell patients/caregivers that a household teaspoon is not an accurate dosing device.
||Dosages should be tailored to the individual and adjusted gradually to achieve an optimal response. Although there is experience with doses up to 30 mg/m2/week in pediatric patients, doses > than 20 mg/m2 may
result in a significant increase in the incidence and severity of serious
toxic reactions, especially bone marrow suppression. Doses between 20
– 30 mg/m2/week may have better absorption and fewer GI side effects if
methotrexate is administered by an alternative route using
a different formulation.
||Store refrigerated (2°C – 8°C/36°F – 46°F) in a tightly closed container. Patients may store Xatmep either refrigerated (2°C – 8°C/36°F – 46°F) or at room temperature (20°C – 25°C/68°F – 77°F); excursions permitted to 15°C – 30°C/59° – 86°F. If stored at room temperature, discard after 60 days. Avoid freezing and excessive heat.
- Same potency from first to last dose.
- Same formulation at hospital and home.
- Store refrigerated (2°C – 8°C/36°F – 46°F) in a tightly closed container. Patients may store Xatmep either refrigerated (2°C – 8°C/36°F – 46°F) or at room temperature (20°C – 25°C/68°F – 77°F); excursions permitted to 15°C – 30°C/59° – 86°F. If stored at room temperature, discard after 60 days. Avoid freezing and excessive heat.
- No shaking necessary prior to administration.
IMPORTANT SAFETY INFORMATION
WARNING: SEVERE TOXIC REACTIONS, INCLUDING EMBRYO-FETAL TOXICITY
Methotrexate can cause the following severe or fatal adverse reactions.
Monitor closely and modify dose or discontinue methotrexate as appropriate.
- Bone marrow suppression [see Warnings and Precautions (5.1)]
- Serious infections [see Warnings and Precautions (5.2)]
- Renal toxicity and increased toxicity with renal impairment [see Warnings and Precautions (5.3)]
- Gastrointestinal toxicity [see Warnings and Precautions (5.4)]
- Hepatic toxicity [see Warnings and Precautions (5.5)]
- Pulmonary toxicity [see Warnings and Precautions (5.6)]
- Hypersensitivity and dermatologic reactions [see Warnings and Precautions (5.7)]
- Methotrexate can cause embryo-fetal toxicity, including fetal death. Use in pJIA is contraindicated
in pregnancy. Consider the benefits and risks of XATMEP and risks to the fetus when prescribing
XATMEP to a pregnant patient with a neoplastic disease. Advise females and males of reproductive
potential to use effective contraception during and after treatment with XATMEP [see Contraindications
(4), Warnings and Precautions (5.9), Use in Specific Populations (8.1, 8.3)].
Xatmep is a folate analog metabolic inhibitor indicated for the:
- management of pediatric patients with active polyarticular juvenile idiopathic arthritis (pJIA) who have had
an insufficient therapeutic response to, or are intolerant of, an adequate trial of first-line therapy including
full dose non-steroidal anti-inflammatory agents (NSAIDs).
ADDITIONAL IMPORTANT SAFETY INFORMATION
Xatmep is contraindicated in pregnant patients with non-malignant disease and in patients with severe
hypersensitivity to methotrexate.
Warnings and Precautions: See full Prescribing Information for additional information.
- Xatmep suppresses hematopoiesis and can cause severe and life-threatening pancytopenia, anemia, leukopenia,
neutropenia, and thrombocytopenia. Obtain blood counts at baseline and periodically; monitor patients for
complications of bone marrow suppression.
- Patients treated with Xatmep are at increased risk for developing life-threatening or fatal bacterial, fungal, or viral
infections, including Pneumocystis jiroveci pneumonia, invasive fungal infections, hepatitis B reactivation,
tuberculosis (primary or reactivation), disseminated Herpes zostera> and cytomegalovirus infections.
- Renal toxicity and increased toxicity with renal impairment, including acute renal failure. Consider administration
of glucarpidase in patients with toxic plasma methotrexate concentrations (> 1 micromole/liter) and delayed
clearance due to impaired renal function.
- Xatmep can cause diarrhea, stomatitis, vomiting, hemorrhagic enteritis, and fatal intestinal perforation. Patients
with peptic ulcer disease and ulcerative colitis are at increased risk for severe gastrointestinal adverse reactions.
Unexpected severe and fatal gastrointestinal toxicity can occur with concomitant use of NSAIDs.
- Hepatic toxicity: severe and potentially irreversible hepatotoxicity, including fibrosis, cirrhosis, and fatal liver failure
can occur. Avoid use of Xatmep in patients with chronic liver disease.
- Pulmonary toxicity: acute or chronic interstitial pneumonitis and irreversible or fatal cases can occur at all
- Hypersensitivity: anaphylaxis or other serious hypersensitivity reactions. Discontinue methotrexate.
- Severe, including fatal, dermatologic reactions such as toxic epidermal necrolysis, Stevens-Johnson
syndrome, exfoliative dermatitis, skin necrosis, erythema multiforme can occur. Radiation dermatitis and
sunburn may be “recalled.”
- Secondary malignancies can occur at all dose levels. Lymphoproliferative disease has been reported with
low-dose oral methotrexate which regressed when methotrexate is withdrawn.
- Methotrexate can cause embryo-fetal toxicity and fetal death when administered during pregnancy. Consider the
risks and benefits of Xatmep and risks to the fetus when prescribing to a pregnant patient with a neoplastic
disease. Effective contraception should be practiced by patients of reproductive potential while receiving Xatmep
therapy, and for 3 and 6 months afterwards for males and females, respectively. Xatmep is contraindicated in
- Effects on reproduction: Methotrexate can cause impairment of fertility, oligospermia, and menstrual dysfunction.
It is unknown if the infertility is reversible in affected patients.
- Increased toxicity in third-space accumulation. Evacuate significant third-space accumulation prior
to methotrexate administration.
- Immunizations may be ineffective when given during Xatmep therapy.
- Immunization with live virus vaccines is not recommended during Xatmep therapy.
- Concomitant radiation therapy increases the risk of soft tissue necrosis and osteonecrosis associated
- Closely monitor laboratory parameters for hematology, renal function, and liver function. Increase monitoring
during initial dosing, dose changes, and during periods of increased risk of elevated methotrexate blood levels
- Pulmonary function tests may be useful if methotrexate-induced lung disease is suspected, especially
if baseline measurements are available.
- Risk of improper dosing: Once-weekly dosing is appropriate. Fatal toxicity has been reported with daily dosing.
An accurate milliliter measuring device should be used. Inform patients that a household teaspoon is not an
accurate measuring device and could lead to overdosage.
- Advise women not to breastfeed during Xatmep therapy.
See full Prescribing Information
for additional adverse reactions.
- Most common adverse reactions are ulcerative stomatitis, leukopenia, nausea, abdominal distress, and elevated
liver function tests.
- Other frequently reported reactions are malaise, fatigue, chills and fever, dizziness, and decreased resistance
- The approximate incidences of adverse reactions reported in pediatric patients with JIA treated with oral, weekly
doses of methotrexate (5 to 20 mg/m2week or 0.1 to 0.65 mg/kg/week) were as follows (virtually all patients
were receiving concomitant nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, and some also were taking low doses of
corticosteroids): elevated liver function tests, 14%; gastrointestinal reactions (e.g., nausea, vomiting, diarrhea),
11%; stomatitis, 2%; leukopenia, 2%; headache, 1.2%; alopecia, 0.5%; dizziness, 0.2%; and rash, 0.2%. Although
there is experience with dosing up to 30 mg/m2/week in JIA, the published data for doses above 20 mg/m2/week
are too limited to provide reliable estimates of adverse reaction rates.
Please see full Prescribing Information, including Boxed Warning.
To report SUSPECTED ADVERSE REACTIONS, contact Silvergate Pharmaceuticals at 1-855-379-0383, or FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088 or www.fda.gov/MedWatch.
Inform caregivers and patients of the need for proper storage and disposal of dispensing bottles and dosing devices.
Keep this and all medications out of reach of children.
- Penicillins may reduce the clearance of methotrexate; increased serum concentrations of methotrexate
with concomitant hematologic and gastrointestinal toxicity have been observed with methotrexate. Monitor
- Trimethoprim/sulfamethoxazole has been reported to increase bone marrow suppression in patients receiving
methotrexate. Monitor patients accordingly.
- Hepatotoxins: May increase hepatotoxicity. Monitor patients receiving concomitant hepatotoxins for signs
- Probenecid may reduce renal elimination of methotrexate; consider alternative drugs.
- Theophylline: May decrease theophylline clearance. Monitor theophylline levels.